There are many reasons for occupying others territory but one of the main reason of Occupying is the greed for the power. I am just describing the different ways of occupying places happened in the history and new ways of occupying. These occupying methods are inter related in many cases but i am distinguishing based on major reason for occupation during that period of time.
- Food, Better life.
In olden days of human civilization, people from one tribe used to occupy other in the hunt for food or better living conditions.
"The recent archaeological campaign (regional site survey and excavations at the mound complex of Akumbu) has demonstrated that the Méma, a dry Sahelian region with a scattered population, was intensively occupied during the Iron Age."1
Pros & Cons
- Military occupation
Military occupation is there all the time. Reasons behind occupation might be a bit different.
Starting with Alexander, Ashok, Gengis khan to Hitler wants to expand the territory. All the leaders want to become famous by having biggest territory and greed for power.
Chanda Ashok greedy leader later become legend and peaceful person. Ashoka the Great, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty. In order to gain power he killed his brother's cousins. After he becomes emperor he want to expand his kingdom. During that period he decided to occupy Kalinga kingdom, during the war more than 100,000 soldiers were killed and many more were migrated.
This war changed Ashok, brutality of the conquest led him to adopt Buddhism, and he used his position to propagate the relatively new religion to new heights, as far as ancient Rome and Egypt
Pros & Cons:
Ashoka attempted to raise the professional ambition of the common man by building universities for study, and water transit and irrigation systems for trade and agriculture. He treated his subjects as equals regardless of their religion, politics and caste. He is acclaimed for constructing hospitals for animals and renovating major roads throughout India. After this transformation, Ashoka came to be known as Dhammashoka (Sanskrit)
Between the reigns of the emperors Augustus and Trajan, the Roman Empire achieved great territorial gains in both the East and the West. In the West, following several defeats in 16 BC, Roman armies pushed north and east out of Gaul to subdue much of Germania. Despite the loss of a large army almost to the man in Varus' famous defeat in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in AD 9. Roman empire also extended to modern day Britain up to Hadrian's wall.
Pros & Cons:
Although the law of the Roman Empire is not used today, modern law in many jurisdictions is based on principles of law used and developed during the Roman Empire
Roads were developed by romans, Roman aqueducts (some of which are still in use today), Roman roads, water powered milling machines, thermal heating systems (as employed in Roman baths, and also used in palaces and wealthy homes) sewage and pipe systems and the invention and widespread use of concrete.
- Religious occupation
- Spreading idea
- Economical change
- Regime change